The posterior lobe of the pituitary Posterior pituitary gland role also secretes hormones. These hormones are usually produced in your hypothalamus and stored in the posterior lobe until theyre released. Hormones stored in the posterior lobe include: Vasopressin. This is also called antidiuretic hormone. It helps your body conserve water and prevent dehydration.
Pituitary gland, also called hypophysis, ductless gland of the endocrine system that secretes hormones directly into the bloodstream. The term hypophysis (from the Greek for lying under)another name for the pituitaryrefers to the glands position on the underside of the brain.
The role of the pituitary gland is to secrete hormones that regulate bodily processes and maintain homeostasis, or stable function. This gland, which is approximately the size of a pea, is located just below the brain and consists of two major parts: the anterior and posterior lobes.
The pituitary gland and hypothalamus are closely connected both structurally and functionally. The hypothalamus is an important brain structure that has both nervous system and endocrine system function. It serves as a link between the two systems translating nervous system messages into endocrine hormones. Despite its small size, the pituitary gland plays such an important role in controlling the body that it is often called the 'master gland.
' There are actually two main parts of the pituitary gland. The pituitary gland consists of two components: the anterior pituitary and the posterior pituitary, and is functionally linked to the hypothalamus by the pituitary stalk (also named the infundibular stem, or simply the infundibulum). The pituitary gland has two partsthe anterior lobe and posterior lobethat have two very separate functions. The hypothalamus sends signals to the pituitary to release or inhibit pituitary hormone production.
The pituitary gland is a small peasized gland that plays a major role in regulating vital body functions and general wellbeing. It is referred to as the body's 'master gland' because it controls the activity of most other hormonesecreting glands. The pituitary controls the function of most other endocrine glands and is therefore sometimes called the master gland.
In turn, the pituitary is controlled in large part by the hypothalamus, a region of the brain that lies just above the pituitary.